Covenant is also one of the most important concepts and central themes found in the Holy Biblical Scriptures.
The Hebrew word for COVENANT is:
which appears 284 times in the Tanakh (Old Testament). (Strong’s)
This word implies:
- Treaty or Agreement
…………………………………………..between two parties and is likely derived from the Hebrew verb “BARAH,” which means “TO CUT.”
This Hebrew root brings to mind the “Covenant of the Pieces (Brit bein HaBetarim or Covenant Between the Parts)” in which the smoking firepot and blazing torch passed between the halves of the heifer, goat, and ram that Abraham cut when YAHpromised him the Land, providing its physical dimensions:
Genesis 15:17-21 Names of God Bible (NOG)
17 The sun had gone down, and it was dark. Suddenly a smoking oven and a flaming torch passed between the animal pieces. 18 At that time Yahweh made a promise[a] to Abram. He said, “I will give this land to your descendants. This is the land from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates. 19 It is the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, 20 the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, 21 the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”
Jeremiah 34:18 Names of God Bible (NOG)
18 I will hand over the people who have rejected my promise. They have not kept the terms of the promise which they made in my presence when they cut a calf in two and passed between its pieces.
And because the physical dimensions of the Land are provided in this COVENANT, there can be no over-spiritualising its meaning into some other world – spiritual realm.
The word brit (covenant) carries a connotation of the shedding of blood.
This is nothing unusual: even from the earliest of times, covenant agreements were often ratified by animal sacrifice or an exchange of blood.
Such a covenant is so BINDING that to BREAK IT would result in the DEATH of the person who broke it and often the family as well.
Abraham, therefore, was following an ancient custom when he cut the three animals in two and placed them in such a way that the blood formed a pathway.
The two parties entering into this COVENANT would walk through the BLOOD to confirm a COVENANT in which each party could lay claim to all the possessions of the other party.
But in the case of this covenant, only the smoking, burning Presence—a manifestation of YAH that is reminiscent of the pillar of fire that guided the Israelites through the wilderness centuries later—walked through the blood.
Why? Only YAH could establish this EVERLASTING COVENANT, and the responsibility for maintaining it fell solely upon HIM.
This was no mere contract that could be voided.
It was an UNCONDITIONAL, eternal trust.
This COVENANT is often referred to as:
“The ABRAHAMIC COVENANT.”
“The LORD YAHUVEH made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.” (Genesis 3:21)
The First COVENANT between man and YAH was probably made with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and it did not involve the shedding of blood.
Though Genesis does not use the word covenant in regards to YAH’S conditional promises made to Adam, the Prophet Hosea does refer to it as a covenant:
Hosea 6:7 Names of God Bible (NOG)
7 “Like Adam, you rejected the promise.[a]
You were unfaithful to me.
Hosea seems to be speaking of YAH’S commands when he placed Adam in Gan Eden (Garden of Eden) to care for it:
Genesis 2:15 Names of God Bible (NOG)
15 Then Yahweh Elohim took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to farm the land and to take care of it.
Perhaps the earliest example of a BLOOD COVENANT can be traced to the time in the Garden when animals were first killed to provide clothing for Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:21).
This was the second covenant that God made with them.
Because Eve, and then Adam, succumbed to the temptation of the serpent, their connection with YAH was severed. They realized they were naked and tried to weave a garment of fig leaves to cover their shame.
In response, YAH promised to give the MASHIACH/MESSIAH who would come to destroy the work of the serpent and restore the relationship between humankind and YAH.
The promise is worded in such a way as to infer that YAH would be intimately involved in the person of this promised Redeemer:
Genesis 3:15-16 Names of God Bible (NOG)
15 I will make you and the woman hostile toward each other.
I will make your descendants
and her descendant hostile toward each other.
He will crush your head,
and you will bruise his heel.”
16 He said to the woman,
“I will increase your pain and your labor
when you give birth to children.
Yet, you will long for your husband,
and he will rule you.”
What followed is considered by some to be an implied covenant: the shedding of innocent blood (of animals) to provide a covering (not only of their nakedness but of their transgressions) that was necessary as a result of their sin.
Genesis 9:8-11 Names of God Bible (NOG)
God’s Promise—The Sign of the Rainbow
8 Elohim also said to Noah and his sons, 9 “I am going to make my promise[a] to you, your descendants, 10 and every living being that is with you—birds, domestic animals, and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ship—every living thing on earth. 11 I am making my promise to you. Never again will all life be killed by floodwaters. Never again will there be a flood that destroys the earth.”
The first covenant explicitly spoken of in the Bible is the Covenant YAH made after the flood destroyed the earth.
It is unique in that YAH made it with all of humankind; and through this Covenant, all of humanity is still in a Covenant with YAH in which people are not permitted to eat blood or to commit murder thereby shedding blood (Genesis 9:4–6).
Genesis 9:4-6 Names of God Bible (NOG)
4 “But you are not to eat meat with blood in it. (Blood is life.) 5 In addition, I will demand your blood for your life. I will demand it from any animal or from any person. I will demand the life of any person who kills another person.
6 Whoever sheds human blood,
by humans his blood will be shed,
because in his image, Elohim made humans.
In this covenant, YAH promised to never again destroy the earth through a flood as he had during Noah’s time.
The Sign that YAH gave Noach/Noah to seal this Covenant is the Rainbow (Genesis 9:12–17).
Genesis 9:12-17 Names of God Bible (NOG)
12 Elohim said, “This is the sign of the promise I am giving to you and every living being that is with you for generations to come. 13 I will put my rainbow in the clouds to be a sign of my promise to the earth. 14 Whenever I form clouds over the earth, a rainbow will appear in the clouds. 15 Then I will remember my promise to you and every living animal. Never again will water become a flood to destroy all life. 16 Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember my everlasting promise to every living animal on earth.”
17 So Elohim said to Noah, “This is the sign of the promise I am making to all life on earth.”
Genesis 17:7-8 Names of God Bible (NOG)
7 I will make my promise to you and your descendants for generations to come as an everlasting promise. I will be your Elohim and the God of your descendants. 8 I am also giving this land where you are living—all of Canaan—to you and your descendants as your permanent possession. And I will be your Elohim.”
In the Abrahamic Covenant, YAH promises Abraham the Land of Israel, descendants, and blessings. (Genesis 12:1–3)
Genesis 12:1-3 Names of God Bible (NOG)
The Lord’s First Promise to Abram
12 Yahweh said to Abram,
“Leave your land,
and your father’s home.
Go to the land that I will show you.
2 I will make you a great nation,
I will bless you.
I will make your name great,
and you will be a blessing.
3 I will bless those who bless you,
and whoever curses you, I will curse.
Through you every family on earth will be blessed.”
Understanding the Abrahamic Covenant is extremely important, since it governs YAH’S unique relationship with Israel as well as HIS relationship with the nations.
Each of the three aspects of the Abrahamic Covenant—land, descendants, and blessing— form a basis for three other covenants:
- YAH’S promise of land is expanded with the Land Covenant (Deuteronomy 29:1–30:20).
“For I command you today to love the LORD YAHUVEH your GOD, to walk in obedience to HIM, and to keep HIS commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and the LORD your GOD will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.” (Deuteronomy 30:16)
Deuteronomy 29-30 Names of God Bible (NOG)
Israel’s Past, Present, and Future
29 [a]These are the terms of the promise[b] that Yahweh commanded Moses to give to the Israelites in Moab. This was in addition to the promise Yahweh gave them at Mount Horeb.
2 Moses summoned all the people of Israel and said to them:
You’ve seen with your own eyes everything that Yahweh did in Egypt to Pharaoh, to all his officials, and to his whole country. 3 You also saw those terrible plagues, those miraculous signs, and those spectacular, amazing things. 4 But to this day Yahweh hasn’t given you a mind that understands, eyes that see, or ears that hear. 5 For 40 years I led you through the desert. During that time your clothes and shoes never wore out. 6 You ate no bread and drank no wine or liquor. I did this so that you would know that I am Yahweh your Elohim.
7 When you came to this place, King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan came out to fight us, but we defeated them. 8 We took their land and gave it to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh as their property. 9 Faithfully obey the terms of this promise. Then you will be successful in everything you do.
10 All of you are standing here today in the presence of Yahweh your Elohim. The heads of your tribes,[c] your leaders, your officers, and all the men of Israel are here. 11 Your children, your wives, and the foreigners who cut wood and carry water in your camp are also here. 12 You are ready to accept the terms and conditions of the promise that Yahweh your Elohim is giving you today. 13 With this promise Yahwehyour Elohim will confirm today that you are his people and that he is your Elohim. This is what he told you, and this is what he promised your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob with an oath. 14 You aren’t the only people to receive this promise and its conditions. 15 It is for those of you who are standing here with us today in the presence of Yahweh our Elohim and also for those who are not here today.
16 You know how we lived in Egypt and how we passed through other countries on our way here. 17 You saw their disgusting gods and idols made of wood, stone, silver, and gold. 18 Make sure there is no man, woman, family, or tribe among you today who turns from Yahweh our Elohim to worship the gods of those nations. Make sure that no one among you is the source of this kind of bitter poison.
19 Someone may hear the conditions of this promise. He may think that he is so blessed that he can say, “I’ll be safe even if I go my own stubborn way. After all, the Lord would never sweep away well-watered ground along with dry[d] ground.” 20 Yahweh will never be willing to forgive that person, because Yahweh’s burning anger will smolder against him. All the curses described in this book will happen to him. Yahweh will erase every memory of that person’s name from the earth. 21 And Yahweh will single him out from all the tribes of Israel for disaster based on all the conditions of the promise written in this Book of the Teachings.
22 Then the next generation of your children and foreigners who come from distant countries will see the plagues that have happened in this land and the diseases Yahweh sent here. 23 They will see all the soil poisoned with sulfur and salt. Nothing will be planted. Nothing will be growing. There will be no plants in sight. It will be as desolate as Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, cities Yahweh destroyed in fierce anger. 24 Then all the other nations in the world will ask, “Why has Yahweh done this to their land? Why is he so angry?”
25 The answer will be, “Because they abandoned the promise of Yahweh Elohim of their ancestors. He made this promise to them when he brought them out of Egypt. 26 They worshiped other gods and bowed down to them. These were gods they never heard of, gods Yahwehdidn’t permit them to have. 27 So Yahweh became angry with this land and brought on it all the curses described in this book. 28 In his fierce anger and fury Yahweh uprooted these people from their land and deported them to another country, where they still are today.”
29 Some things are hidden. They belong to Yahweh our Elohim. But the things that have been revealed in these teachings belong to us and to our children forever. We must obey every word of these teachings.
30 All these blessings and curses I have spoken about will happen to you. Take them to heart when you are among all the nations where Yahweh your Elohim will scatter you. 2 If you and your children return to Yahweh your Elohim and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul, doing everything I command you today, 3 he will restore your fortunes. He will have mercy on you and gather you from all the nations of the world where Yahweh your Elohim will scatter you. 4 Even if you are scattered to the most distant country in the world, Yahweh your Elohim will gather you and bring you back from there. 5 Yahweh your Elohim will bring you to the land your ancestors owned. You will take possession of it, and Yahweh will make you more prosperous and numerous than your ancestors were.
6 Yahweh your Elohim will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants. You will love Yahweh your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul, and you will live. 7 Then Yahweh your Elohim will put all these curses on your enemies, those who hate you and persecute you. 8 You will again obey Yahweh and follow all his commands that I’m giving you today. 9 Yahweh your Elohim will give you many blessings in everything you do: You will have many children. Your animals will have many offspring. Your soil will produce many crops. Yahweh will again delight in making you as prosperous as he made your ancestors. 10 He will do this if you obey Yahweh your Elohim and follow his commands and laws that are written in this Book of Teachings and return to Yahweh your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul.
11 This command I’m giving you today isn’t too hard for you or beyond your reach. 12 It’s not in heaven. You don’t have to ask, “Who will go to heaven to get this command for us so that we can hear it and obey it?” 13 This command isn’t on the other side of the sea. You don’t have to ask, “Who will cross the sea to get it for us so that we can hear it and obey it?” 14 No, these words are very near you. They’re in your mouth and in your heart so that you will obey them.
Choose between Life and Death
15 Today I offer you life and prosperity or death and destruction. 16 This is what I’m commanding you today: Love Yahweh your Elohim, follow his directions, and obey his commands, laws, and rules. Then you will live, your population will increase, and Yahweh your Elohim will bless you in the land that you’re about to enter and take possession of.
17 But your hearts might turn away, and you might not listen. You might be tempted to bow down to other gods and worship them. 18 If you do, I tell you today that you will certainly be destroyed. You will not live for a long time in the land that you’re going to take possession of when you cross the Jordan River.
19 I call on heaven and earth as witnesses today that I have offered you life or death, blessings or curses. Choose life so that you and your descendants will live. 20 Love Yahweh your Elohim, obey him, and be loyal to him. This will be your way of life, and it will mean a long life for you[e] in the land that Yahweh swore to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
- YAH’S promise of descendants is expanded with the Davidic Covenant and its promise of the coming King Messiah (2 Samuel 7:11–16; 1 Chronicles 17:10–14).
“I will set HIM over My house and My kingdom forever; HIS throne will be established forever.” (1 Chronicles 17:14)
2 Samuel 7:11-16 Names of God Bible (NOG)
11 ever since I appointed judges to rule my people Israel. So I will give you peace with all your enemies. I, Yahweh, tell you that Yahweh will make a house for you.
12 “‘When the time comes for you to lie down in death with your ancestors, I will send one of your descendants, one who will come from you. I will establish his kingdom. 13 He will build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his Ab, and he will be my Son. If he sins, I will punish him with a rod and with blows inflicted by people. 15 But I will never stop showing him my love as I did to Saul, whom I took out of your way. 16 Your royal house will remain in my presence[a] forever. Your throne will be established forever.’”
1 Chronicles 17:10-14 Names of God Bible (NOG)
10 ever since I appointed judges to rule my people Israel. I will crush all your enemies. I even tell you that I, Yahweh, will build a house for you.
11 “‘When the time comes for you to go and be with your ancestors, I will send one of your descendants. He will be one of your sons. I will establish his kingdom. 12 He will build a house for me, and I will establish his throne forever. 13 I will be his Ab, and he will be my Son. And I will never stop showing him my love as I did to your predecessor. 14 I will place him in my royal house forever, and his throne will be established forever.’”
- YAH’S promise of blessing is expanded through the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-34).
“I will put My law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be My people. … they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more. (Jeremiah 31:33–34)
Jeremiah 31:33-34 Names of God Bible (NOG)
33 “But this is the promise that I will make to Israel after those days,” declares Yahweh: “I will put my teachings inside them, and I will write those teachings on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will each person teach his neighbors or his relatives by saying, ‘Know Yahweh.’ All of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,” declares Yahweh, “because I will forgive their wickedness and I will no longer hold their sins against them.”
As an eternal sign of His covenant with Abraham, YAH gave him the Brit Milah (Covenant of Circumcision) (Genesis 17:9–14).
Genesis 17:9-14 Names of God Bible (NOG)
9 Elohim also said to Abraham, “You and your descendants in generations to come are to be faithful to my promise. 10 This is how you are to be faithful to my promise: Every male among you is to be circumcised. 11 All of you must be circumcised. That will be the sign of the promise from me to you. 12 For generations to come every male child who is eight days old must be circumcised, whether he is born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner who’s not related to you. 13 Every male born in your household or bought with your money is to be circumcised without exception. So my promise will be a sign on your flesh, an everlasting promise. 14 Any uncircumcised male must be excluded from his people because he has rejected my promise.”
The Mosaic Covenant
“Now if you obey Me fully and keep My covenant, then out of all nations you will be My treasured possession. Although the whole earth is Mine, you will be for Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.” (Exodus 19:5–6)
Exodus 19:5-6 Names of God Bible (NOG)
5 If you carefully obey me and are faithful to the terms of my promise,[a]then out of all the nations you will be my own special possession, even though the whole world is mine. 6 You will be my kingdom of priests and my holy nation.’ These are the words you must speak to the Israelites.”
When YAH cut the Covenant of the Pieces with Abraham, He told Abraham that his descendants would be 400 years in a country that was not their own.
The Mosaic Covenant is the covenant that YAH made with the Israelites—Abraham’s descendants—at the end of this 400 year period, after He saved them from slavery in Egypt.
In this covenant, YAH separated the Israelites from the nations, making them a light for those nations—a kingdom of priests and a holy nation that serves the One True covenant-keeping YAH.
HE gave HIS law to the Jewish People through Moses on Mount Sinai—laws that govern morality, the sacrificial system, the priesthood, and civil life.
To violate any one of these laws is to violate the Law as a whole.
While the Abrahamic Covenant is unconditional, the Mosaic Covenant is conditional.
If Israel is obedient to this covenant, they will experience the blessings of this covenant, but if they are disobedient, they will experience its curses.
The blessings and curses that are associated with this conditional covenant are detailed in Deuteronomy 28.
This covenant reveals the absolute holiness of YAH and the sinfulness of mankind.
It is a continuous reminder to the Jewish People, indeed, all the nations, of our need for the Redeemer, the promised Messiah.
As with other covenants, blood is involved. When Moses ratified the covenant with the Israelites, he sacrificed young bulls:
Exodus 24:8 Names of God Bible (NOG)
8 Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people and said, “Here is the blood which seals the promise that Yahweh has made to you based on everything you have just heard.”
Furthermore, the covenant has a sacrificial system that provides a means of entering the presence of the righteous and holy YAH. This system also provides coverings (atonements) for the sins of the people of Israel.
While circumcision is the sign of the Abrahamic Covenant, the Sabbath can be considered the sign of the Mosaic Covenant (Exodus 31:12–18).
Exodus 31:12-18 Names of God Bible (NOG)
The Sign between the Lord and His People
12 Yahweh said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘Be sure to observe my days of worship. This will be a sign between me and you for generations to come so that you will know that I am Yahweh who makes you holy.
14 “‘Observe the day of worship because it is holy to you. Whoever treats it like any other day must be put to death. Whoever works on that day must be excluded from the people. 15 You may work for six days, but the seventh day is a day of worship, a day when you don’t work. It is holy to Yahweh. Whoever works on that day must be put to death. 16 The Israelites must observe this day of worship, celebrating it for generations to come as a permanent reminder of my promise.[a] 17 It will be a permanent sign between me and the Israelites, because Yahweh made heaven and earth in six days, and on the seventh day he stopped working and was refreshed.’”
18 Yahweh finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai. Then he gave him the two tablets with his words on them, stone tablets inscribed by Elohim himself.
The Brit Milah takes place with every Jewish male infant on the eighth day after birth.
This rite of circumcision is the vehicle through which every generation is able to enter into the covenant formed between YAH and Abraham.
The New Covenant
“‘Days are coming,’ declares the Lord, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.’” (Jeremiah 31:3)
Jeremiah 31:3 Names of God Bible (NOG)
3 Yahweh appeared to me in a faraway place and said,
“I love you with an everlasting love.
So I will continue to show you my kindness.
The New Covenant, which is a term that is only explicitly used once in the Tanakh (Old Testament) in Jeremiah 31:31–34, is founded on covenant promises that came before it.
Jeremiah 31:31-34 Names of God Bible (NOG)
The New Promise
31 “The days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will make a new promise[a] to Israel and Judah. 32 It will not be like the promise that I made to their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of Egypt. They rejected that promise, although I was a husband to them,” declares Yahweh. 33 “But this is the promise that I will make to Israel after those days,” declares Yahweh: “I will put my teachings inside them, and I will write those teachings on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will each person teach his neighbors or his relatives by saying, ‘Know Yahweh.’ All of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,” declares Yahweh, “because I will forgive their wickedness and I will no longer hold their sins against them.”
It fulfills the promise that YAH made in the Garden to Adam—that One would come to crush the serpent’s head (Genesis 3:15; Hebrews 2:14; 1 John 3:8; Colossians 2:15; Romans 16:20) and restore an intimate relationship with the Holy YAH.
This promised One came through Abraham’s lineage under the Abrahamic Covenant.
YeremYAHU/Jeremiah states that the New Covenant will not be like the Mosaic Covenant of law that YAH made with the Israelites when He brought them out of Egypt, which they broke.
It is an unconditional COVENANT OF GRACE given to Israel that is capable of transforming people from the inside out so that YAH’S laws are internalized and written on the heart—one in which HIS people can draw close to HIM.
The New Covenant was ratified through MASHIACH’S sacrificial death on the Roman execution stake.
Whereas we were unable to keep the Mosaic Covenant, continually turning away from YAH and suffering the consequences, in the New Covenant, YAHUSHUA HA MASHIACH alone has the ability to save those who put their faith in HIM; this Salvation cannot be attained by good works or by keeping the law or by anything other than faith in HIM.
Moreover, HE has provided the RUACH HA KODESH (HOLY SPIRIT) to empower Believers to keep the Covenant and receive an eternal inheritance.
Ephesians 2:8-9 Names of God Bible (NOG)
8 YAH saved you through faith as an act of kindness. You had nothing to do with it. Being saved is a gift from YAH. 9 It’s not the result of anything you’ve done, so no one can brag about it.
Many have argued that the New Covenant abolishes or replaces the Mosaic Covenant, but YAHUSHUA said this was not so:
Matthew 5:17-19 Names of God Bible (NOG)
JESUS (a.k.a YAHUSHUA) Fulfills the Old Testament Scriptures
17 “Don’t ever think that I came to set aside Moses’ Teachings or the Prophets. I didn’t come to set them aside but to make them come true. 18 I can guarantee this truth: Until the earth and the heavens disappear, neither a period nor a comma will disappear from the Scriptures before everything has come true. 19 So whoever sets aside any command that seems unimportant and teaches others to do the same will be unimportant in the kingdom of heaven. But whoever does and teaches what the commands say will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
The New Covenant also does not end the Abrahamic Covenant; it is a measure for carrying out the blessings purposed in it.
In fulfillment of the blessings that the Abrahamic Covenant would bring to the nations (Galatians 3:14), those who put their faith in YAHUSHUA are grafted into the olive tree of Israel.
Galatians 3:14 Names of God Bible (NOG)
14 MASHIACH/Messiah paid the price so that the blessing promised to Abraham would come to all the people of the world through YAHUSHUA HA MASHIACH and we would receive the promised RUACH through faith.
Romans 11:17 Names of God Bible (NOG)
17 But some of the olive branches have been broken off, and you, a wild olive branch, have been grafted in their place. You get your nourishment from the roots of the olive tree.
Genesis 17:3 Names of God Bible (NOG)
3 Immediately, Abram bowed with his face touching the ground, and again Elohim spoke to him,
YAH’S COVENANT CHILDREN
John 3:16-17 New King James Version (NKJV)
16 For YAH so loved the world that HE gave HIS only begotten SON, that whoever believes in HIM should not perish but have everlasting life.17 For YAH did not send HIS Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through HIM might be saved.
1 Samuel 1 Names of God Bible (NOG)
1 There was a man named Elkanah from Ramathaim Zophim in the mountains of Ephraim. He was the son of Jeroham, grandson of Elihu, great-grandson of Tohu, whose father was Zuph from the tribe of Ephraim. 2 Elkanah had two wives, one named Hannah, the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. 3 Every year this man would go from his own city to worship and sacrifice to Yahweh Tsebaoth at Shiloh. Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, served there as priests of Yahweh.
4 Whenever Elkanah offered a sacrifice, he would give portions of it to his wife Peninnah and all her sons and daughters. 5 He would also give one portion to Hannah because he loved her, even though Yahweh had kept her from having children. 6 Because Yahweh had made her unable to have children, her rival Peninnah tormented her endlessly in order to make her miserable. 7 This happened year after year. Whenever Hannah went to Yahweh’s house, Peninnah would make her miserable, and Hannah would cry and not eat. 8 Her husband Elkanah would ask her, “Hannah, why are you crying? Why haven’t you eaten? Why are you so downhearted? Don’t I mean more to you than ten sons?”
9 One day, after Hannah had something to eat and drink in Shiloh, she got up. (The priest Eli was sitting on a chair by the door of Yahweh’stemple.) 10 Though she was resentful, she prayed to Yahweh while she cried. 11 She made this vow, “Yahweh Tsebaoth, if you will look at my misery, remember me, and give me a boy, then I will give him to you for as long as he lives. A razor will never be used on his head.” 12 While Hannah was praying a long time in front of Yahweh, Eli was watching her mouth. 13 She was praying silently. Her voice couldn’t be heard; only her lips were moving. Eli thought she was drunk.
14 “How long are you going to stay drunk?” Eli asked her. “Get rid of your wine.”
15 Hannah responded, “No sir. I’m not drunk. I’m depressed. I’m pouring out my heart to Yahweh. 16 Don’t take me to be a good-for-nothing woman. I was praying like this because I’ve been troubled and tormented.”
17 Eli replied, “Go in peace, and may the Elohim of Israel grant your request.”
18 “May you continue to be kind to me,” she said. Then the woman went her way and ate. She was no longer sad.[a]
19 Early in the morning Elkanah and his family got up and worshiped in front of Yahweh. Then they returned home to Ramah. Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah, and Yahweh remembered her. 20 Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel [God Hears], because she said, “I asked Yahweh for him.”
21 To keep his vow, Elkanah and his entire household again went to offer the annual sacrifice to Yahweh. 22 But Hannah didn’t go. She told her husband, “I’ll wait until the boy is weaned. Then I’ll bring him and present him to Yahweh, and he’ll stay there permanently.”
23 “Do what you think is best,” her husband Elkanah told her. “Wait until you’ve weaned him. May Yahweh keep his word.” The woman stayed and nursed her son until she had weaned him.
24 As soon as she had weaned Samuel, she took him with her. She also brought a three-year-old bull,[b] half a bushel of flour, and a full wineskin. She brought him to Yahweh’s house at Shiloh while the boy was still a child.
25 Then the parents butchered the bull and brought the child to Eli. 26 “Sir,” Hannah said, “as sure as you live, I’m the woman who stood here next to you and prayed to Yahweh. 27 I prayed for this child, and Yahweh granted my request. 28 In return, I am giving him to Yahweh. He will be dedicated to Yahweh for his whole life.”
And they worshiped Yahweh there.
This Teaching is inspired by the TORAH Portion, “LECHA LECHA.”
ABBA YAHUVEH sacrificed HIS Only Begotten SON, YAHUSHUA for mankind’s Redemption, Avraham/Abraham nearly sacrificed his only beloved son, Yitzchak/Isaac.
The Binding of Yitzchak recorded in Beresheith/Genesis 22 is there to remind us first and foremost that everything in this world belongs to YAH Almighty!
We are required by YAH Almighty to always give back what HE blesses us with. One way to do this is by tithing. Another way is given in 1 Samuel 1. There are many other ways.
Chanah/Hannah gave back Sh’mu’el/Samuel to YAH Almighty when he turned 3 years old. Sh’mu’el became a great Navi/Prophet in the Land of Israel. As a result of being faithful to the covenant she made with YAH in her time of trouble (barrenness), YAH blessed her with 5 more children after Sh’mu’el. Sh’mu’el was certainly a Covenant Child of YAH.
Shimshon/Samson (meaning “man of the sun”) was also a Covenant Child of YAH! Sadly, he messed up by marrying the wrong woman. He did not stand up to his parents when he found the right woman and they rejected her.
Yahuchanan/John the Immerser/Bapstist was a Covenant Child of YAH Almighty! His life was totally dedicated unto YAH and HIS service!
Myriam/Miriam (a.k.a Mary) the early mother the YAHUSHUA HA MASHIACH (a.k.a JESUS CHRIST, YESHUA) was a Covenant Child of YAH! She was conceived and born as prophesied by YAH Almighty through HIS Holy Angel Gabriel. At age 3, she was dedicated unto YAH as promised by leaving her at the Temple (Second Temple) where she was raised until age 12 and after her Bat Mitzvah, she was betrothed to Joseph, the Builder/Carpenter.
YAHUSHUA HA MASHIACH came into this world through Myriam as a Covenant Child of YAH Almighty! Myriam and Joseph gave HIM back to YAH Almighty after HIS Bar Mitzvah (age 13).
Yitzchak/Isaac was a Covenant Child of YAH Almighty given to Avraham and Sarah. When he turned a certain age, YAHUVEH asked Avraham to give him back to YAH. Avraham was obedient. As a result, YAH blessed Avraham the more as Avraham was so selfless in his ways before YAH. Avraham ended up having several other children.
YAHUVEH miraculously provided a ram/lamb to Avraham to sacrifice in the place of Yitzchak. Avraham as a result named the place:
The Place of Vision/The Place where one sees.
……………………..It also means
YAHUVEH provides (all my needs according to HIS riches in Glory).
Are you willing to sacrifice/surrender your children to YAH?
When you do SO selflessly, YAH takes care of them for life!
You surrender/sacrifice them by sowing GODLY seeds in them from the time of their conception and onwards. You also do it in prayer unto ABBA YAHUVEH GOD who will guide you on how to do it HIS way.
You can not protect your children all the time! You can’t put them in a safety net. You have to let them go and let them explore so when they are in your care from infancy, that is the best time to equip them on how to get through life in accordance with YAH’S Will!
John 3:16-17 New King James Version (NKJV)
16 For YAH so loved the world that HE gave HIS only begotten SON, that whoever believes in HIM should not perish but have everlasting life.17 For YAH did not send HIS Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through HIM might be saved.
Romans 12 New King James Version (NKJV)
Living Sacrifices to God
12 I beseech[a] you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which isyour [b]reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
Serve God with Spiritual Gifts
3 For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt to each one a measure of faith. 4 For as we have many members in one body, but all the members do not have the same function, 5 so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another. 6 Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, let us prophesy in proportion to our faith; 7 or ministry, let us use it in our ministering; he who teaches, in teaching; 8 he who exhorts, in exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.
Behave Like a Christian/Follower of YAHUSHUA HA MASHIACH
9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good. 10 Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another; 11 not lagging in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 12 rejoicing in hope, patient[c] in tribulation, continuing steadfastly in prayer; 13 distributing to the needs of the saints, given[d] to hospitality.
14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 16 Be of the same mind toward one another. Do not set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Do not be wise in your own opinion.
17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have[e] regard for good things in the sight of all men. 18 If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 Therefore
“If your enemy is hungry, feed him;
If he is thirsty, give him a drink;
For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.”
21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
I thought I should share the following as it seems to be the best movie to depict what a COVENANT CHILD is all about: