This Week’s Portion
(Sunday 28th August to Saturday 2nd September 2017)
Ki Tetze | כי תצא | “When you go forth “
Moses enumerates many laws that relate to topics of family relationships, interpersonal ethics, forbidden mixtures, and sexuality.
- Moses reviews a wide variety of laws regarding family, animals, and property. (21:10–22:12)
- Various civil and criminal laws are delineated, including those regarding sexual relationships, interaction with non-Israelites, loans, vows, and divorce. (22:13–24:5)
- Laws of commerce pertaining to loans, fair wages, and proper weights and measures are given. (24:10–25:16)
- The parashah concludes with the commandment to remember for all time the most heinous act committed against the Israelites—Amalek’s killing of the old, weak, and infirm after the Israelites left Egypt. (25:17–19)
Rabbi Meir said, There is a parable about this matter. To what can it be compared? It can be compared to two identical twin brothers. Both lived in a certain city. One was appointed king, and the other became a bandit. At the king’s command they hanged the bandit. But everyone who saw him hanging there said, The king has been hung! Therefore the king issued a command and he was taken down. (b.Sanhedrin 46b)
Seventy-four of the Torah’s 613 commandments (mitzvot) are in the Parshah of Ki Teitzei. These include the laws of the
- beautiful captive, the inheritance rights of the firstborn, the wayward and rebellious son,
- burial and dignity of the dead,
- returning a lost object, sending away the mother bird before taking her young,
- the duty to erect a safety fence around the roof of one’s home,
- the various forms of kilayim (forbidden plant and animal hybrids).
Also recounted are the judicial procedures and penalties for:
- for the rape or seduction of an unmarried girl,
- for a husband who falsely accuses his wife of infidelity.
The following cannot marry a person of Jewish lineage:
- a mamzer (someone born from an adulterous or incestuous relationship);
- a male of Moabite or Ammonite descent;
- a first- or second-generation Edomite or Egyptian.
Our Parshah also includes:
- laws governing the purity of the military camp;
- the prohibition against turning in an escaped slave;
- the duty to pay a worker on time, and to allow anyone working for you—man or animal—to “eat on the job”;
- the proper treatment of a debtor, and the prohibition against charging interest on a loan;
- the laws of divorce (from which are also derived many of the laws of marriage);
- the penalty of thirty-nine lashes for transgression of a Torah prohibition;
- the procedures for yibbum (“levirate marriage”) of the wife of a deceased childless brother, or chalitzah (“removing of the shoe”) in the case that the brother-in-law does not wish to marry her.
An example of a levirate marriage is that of Boaz and Ruth (Book of Ruth).
- Deuteronomy 21:10 | Female Captives
- Deuteronomy 21:15 | The Right of the Firstborn
- Deuteronomy 21:18 | Rebellious Children
- Deuteronomy 21:22 | Miscellaneous Laws
- Deuteronomy 22:13 | Laws concerning Sexual Relations
- Deuteronomy 23:1 | Those Excluded from the Assembly
- Deuteronomy 23:9 | Sanitary, Ritual, and Humanitarian Precepts
- Deuteronomy 24:1 | Laws concerning Marriage and Divorce
- Deuteronomy 24:5 | Miscellaneous Laws
- Deuteronomy 25:5 | Levirate Marriage
- Deuteronomy 25:11 | Various Commands
- Isaiah 54:1 | The Eternal Covenant of Peace
Video: Torah for Children – Parashat Ki Teitzei – Torah for kids – Bible for kids – Ki Tetze