Month Of SIVAN

MONTH OF SIVAN

 

Numbers 28:11-13 Tree of Life Version (TLV)

Rosh Chodesh: New Moon

11 “On the first of the month you are to present to Adonai a burnt offering of two young bulls, one ram, and seven flawless male lambs a year old, 12 with three tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering with each bull, and two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering with the ram, 13 and with each lamb a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, a burnt offering as a pleasing aroma, an offering by fire to Adonai.

 

 

Sivan is the third month on the Jewish calendar counting from Nissan.

Rosh Chodesh Sivan is distinguished as the day on which the Jewish people arrived and camped before Mount Sinai.

The Torah describes this with the phrase “Israel camped before the mountain” (Exodus 19:2), where the verb vayichan (“camped”) is stated in a singular form, in contrast to the other verbs in the narrative. This describes how the entire people camped “as one person, with one heart,” expressing true unity.

In the month of Sivan, we celebrate the holiday of Shavuot, when the Torah was given by G‑d to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai more than 3,300 years ago. Every year on the holiday of Shavuot, we renew our acceptance of YAH’S gift, and YAH’S “re-gives” the Torah.

The holiday of Shavuot is a two-day holiday, beginning at sundown of the fifth of Sivan and lasting until nightfall of the seventh of Sivan. (In Israel it is a one-day holiday, ending at nightfall of the sixth of Sivan.)

The word SHAVUOT means “weeks.” It marks the completion of the seven-week counting period between Passover and Shavuot. The mitzvah to count each of the 49 days between Passover and Shavuot—known as Sefirat HaOmer—is a period of introspection and self-refinement, as we prepare ourselves to receive the Torah anew on Shavuot. Each day of counting represents another step in this spiritual journey.

The giving of the TORAH was a far-reaching spiritual event—one that touched the essence of the Jewish soul for all times. Our sages have compared it to a wedding between G‑d and the Jewish people.

SHAVUOT also means “oaths,” for on this day YAH swore eternal devotion to us, and we in turn pledged everlasting loyalty to Him.

Sivan Calendar: Special Days in Sivan

1 SivanEncampment at Sinai

On the 1st of Sivan of the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), six weeks after their exodus from Egypt, the Children of Israel arrived at Mount…

6 SivanGiving of the Torah

On the 6th Sivan of the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), seven weeks after the Exodus, G-d revealed Himself on Mount Sinai. The entire people of…

6 SivanPassing of King David

David, a descendent of Judah the son of Jacob as well as of Ruth, a Moabite convert to Judaism, was anointed King of Israel by Samuel in 878 BCE….

6 SivanPassing of R. Israel Baal Shem Tov

In 1734, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (“BeSHT”, 1698-1760), who up until that time had lived as a hidden tzaddik, began to publicly disseminate his…

18 SivanSpanish Expulsion Decree Rescinded

The Spanish cabinet approved a bill which granted religious freedom to Spain’s Jews as well as other religious minorities. Since 1492 it had been…
Jewish History In Sivan

2105 BCEFlood Waters Recede

150 days after the rains stopped falling in the Great Flood, the raging waters which covered the face… Read More »

1313 BCEEncampment at Sinai

On the 1st of Sivan of the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), six weeks after their exodus from… Read More »

1312 BCEKorach Swallowed Up by the Earth

Korach, who led a rebellion against the leadership of Moses and Aaron, met his end when… Read More »

1096 Worms Jews Massacred

At the end of a week in which a group Jews took refuge in a local castle in Worms, Germany, the… Read More »

2 Sivan

1313 BCEChosen People

Sivan 2 is marked on the Jewish calendar as Yom HaMeyuchas (“Day of Distinction”); it was on this day… Read More »

1967 Israeli Defense Forces Capture Golan Heights

Until the Six-Day War (see “Today in Jewish History” for Iyar 26), the Syrian army was deployed in… Read More »

3 Sivan

1313 BCEJews Prepare to Receive Torah

On Sivan 3, G-d instructed Moses to “set boundaries for the people around, saying, ‘Beware of… Read More »

68 CEVespasian Captures Jericho

In his advance towards the destruction of Jerusalem, Rome Emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus… Read More »

4 Sivan

1313 BCEMoses Transcribes (first part of) Torah

On Sivan 4 of the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE)–two days before the revelation at Mount… Read More »

576Forced Conversion in Clermont

A mob, accompanied by the bishop of Clermont-Ferrand, France, razed the local synagogue to the… Read More »

1481Jews Returned to Spain

Pope Sixtus IV instructed his local bishops that all Jews who had fled the Spanish Inquisition (see… Read More »

1648Chmielnitzki Massacres

The Cossack rebellion against Polish rule in Ukraine, under the leadership of Bogdan Chmielnitzki… Read More »

5 Sivan

1568 BCEReuben Finds Mandrakes

The incident involving the mandrakes (dudaim) which Reuben, the eldest son of Jacob, found in the… Read More »

1313 BCEJews Accept Torah

On this day, Moses made a covenant with the Jewish people at the foot of Mount Sinai at which the… Read More »

1728Rabbis Burnt at Stake

On this day Rabbis Chayim and Yehoshua Reitzes were tortured and burned in Lvov, Poland after they… Read More »

1313 BCEGiving of the Torah

On the 6th Sivan of the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), seven weeks after the Exodus, G-d… Read More »

837 BCEPassing of King David

David, a descendent of Judah the son of Jacob as well as of Ruth, a Moabite convert to Judaism, was… Read More »

1096Cologne Jews Martyred

During the first crusade (see “Today in Jewish History” for Iyar 8), the Jews of Cologne, Germany… Read More »

1760Passing of R. Israel Baal Shem Tov

In 1734, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (“BeSHT”, 1698-1760), who up until that time had lived as… Read More »

1749Ger Tzedek of Vilna Burned at the Stake

Avraham ben Avraham, the famed “Ger Tzedek” (Righteous Convert) of Vilna, was born as Valentin… Read More »

1147Rabbi Escapes Crusaders

Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir Tam, known as the “Rabbenu Tam,” was one of Rashi’s illustrious grandsons…. Read More »

1939Passing of “Kaf Hachaim”

Rabbi Yaakov Chaim Sofer, better known as the Kaf Hachaim (the name of the monumental halachic work… Read More »

1904Wolf Wissotzky

Klonimus Wolf Wissotzky, the son of poor parents, established The Wissotzky Tea company in 1849 and… Read More »

1900Rebbe’s Parents Wed

The Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory’s, parents, Rabbi Levi Yitzchak… Read More »

1989Passing of “Minchat Yitzchak”

Rabbi Yitzchak Yaakov Weiss, known as the Minchat Yitzchak (the name of the responsa he authored)… Read More »

13 Sivan

1313 BCEMoses Ascends to the Top of Mount Sinai

“Moses went up to the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain…for six days. On the seventh… Read More »

1948Bombing in Cairo Jewish Quarter

Following the War of Independence (see Jewish History for the 6th of Iyar), citizens in many Arab… Read More »

1510Jewish Books Spared from Destruction

In 1509, Emperor Maximilian of Germany ordered that all Jewish books in the cities of Cologne and… Read More »

1565 and 1446 BCEBirth and Passing of Judah

Judah, the fourth son of Jacob and Leah, was born in Charan on the 15th of Sivan, of the year 2196… Read More »

1927Sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe arrested

Shortly after midnight of the 15th of Sivan of 1927, the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef… Read More »

2105 BCENoah’s Ark Comes to Rest on Mt. Ararat

Seven months after the beginning of the Great Flood, and 17 days after the waters covering the earth… Read More »

circa 140 BCEHasmonean Victory

The Hasmonean fighters recaptured Migdal Tzur from the Greek enemy and proclaimed this day a holiday… Read More »

1967Spanish Expulsion Decree Rescinded

The Spanish cabinet approved a bill which granted religious freedom to Spain’s Jews as well as other… Read More »

1171Martyrs of Blois

The 20th of Sivan is the anniversary of the first blood libel in France. On this date in 1171, tens… Read More »

1312 BCEMiriam Quarantined

Miriam, the elder sister of Moses and Aaron, was afflicted with tzaraat (leprosy) after speaking… Read More »

23 Sivan

357 BCEHaman’s Decree Counteracted

Even after Haman was hanged on the 17th of Nissan of 357 BCE, his evil decree “to destroy, kill and… Read More »

797 BCEJeroboam Barricades Jerusalem

After King Solomon’s passing in 797 BCE, ten of the twelve tribes of Israel, led by Jeroboam ben… Read More »

2nd century CEThree of the “Ten Martyrs” Killed

Among the millions of Jews cruelly killed by the Romans were the “Ten Martyrs”–all great sages and… Read More »

4th Century BCEEgyptians “Sue” For Gold & Silver

Egyptian representatives appeared in the court of Alexander the Great, demanding that the Jews pay… Read More »

2nd century CER. Chananya ben Tradyon Killed

Rabbi Chananya ben Tradyon, one of the “Ten Martyrs” (see entry for Sivan 25) was killed on this… Read More »

1941Lubavitcher Rebbe Arrives in US

After escaping Nazi-occupied Paris, and many perilous months in Vichy France, the Lubavitcher… Read More »

1312 BCESpies Dispatched

Moses dispatched 12 spies to tour the Holy Land in preparation for its conquest by the people of… Read More »